An ongoing collection of algorithmic censorship resistance tactics (Work in Progress)


Revolution are created by our ability to imagine new worlds and vocabularies. From hashtags and political slogans, words can create new worlds. Yet online, language has also become a form of data, used to create machine learning systems for profit, and it has also become an arena for automated censorship and moderation. Algorithmic censorship has led to a surge of creativity as online netizens scramble to bypass the machine, through the creative use of homophones to images and new characters that bypass OCR (optical character recognition).


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Background Research

Algorithmic Censorship by Social Platforms: Power and Resistance.

Jennifer Cobbe, 2019.


(Can’t) Picture This: An Analysis of Image Filtering on WeChat Moments.

Jeffrey Knockel, Lotus Ruan, Masashi Crete-Nishihata, and Ron Deibert, 2018.


Resisting the Censorship Infrastructure in China.

Yubo Kou, Yong Ming Kow, and Xinning Gui, 2017.


The effect of information controls on developers in China: An analysis of censorship in Chinese open source projects.

Jeffrey Knockel, Masashi Crete-Nishihata, and Lotus Ruan, 2018.


Tranßcripting: playful subversion with Chinese characters.

Li Wei, Zhu Hua, 2018.